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Judaism, Christianity and Islam are Abrahamic faiths because they share a common ancestor, Abraham, who is an important figure in all three faiths.

Though the religions have distinctive theology and practice, they share similar festivals and observances that are crucial to their belief and culture. Lent and Easter are synonymous with Christianity, the Jewish Passover is peculiar to Judaism while Ramadan is integral to Islam. Each of these festivals bears phenomenal historical and spiritual significance to the faithful in each group.

Lent and Easter

Lent marks a prolonged period of fasting and prayer that lasts for 40 days in the Christian calendar.

The observance begins on Ash Wednesday and halts on Easter Sunday. According to Christians,

Lent signifies a soul-strengthening spiritual journey where the Christian faithful cement their relationship with God via prayer, fasting and acts of kindness. During Lent, Christians commemorate the suffering and sacrifice of Jesus Christ, who they believed died on the cross for the sake of humanity (to redeem humanity from sin).

Conversely, Easter is a festival that celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ as claimed by the scriptures.  It is a renowned and important festival in the Christian calendar. The Christian faithful commemorate this day with feasts, songs, and gift exchanges. It is a joyful and spirited celebration for all involved. According to Christian theology, the resurrection of Jesus Christ is an uncontested proof of divinity and lends credence to the belief that believers will be rewarded with eternal life.

The Jewish Passover

The Jewish Passover or Pesach memorializes the liberation of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt and their sojourn to the promised land. The festival spans seven days beginning on the 15th day of the Jewish month which translates to March or April in the Gregorian calendar. The highlight of the Passover celebration is Sedar. Sedar is a ritual feast that pays homage to the Exodus story and is marked by the consumption of symbolic meals such as wine, bitter herbs and matzah.

The Jews celebrate the Passover to recall the suffering and redemption of the Jewish people. They also observe the ceremony to renew their commitment to God while reflecting on the importance of freedom, compassion and justice. Jews and their loved ones come together at this point to share meals, laughter and festivities which strengthens familial and communal bonds.


Ramadan marks the ninth month in the Islamic calendar. Muslims worldwide observe Ramadan by praying, fasting and abstaining from mortal sins. It is a time to deepen one’s relationship with God while reflecting on the inner self. During Ramadan, Muslims engage in fasting, praying, and charity and practice self-discipline. They abstain from food, drink, and sexual activities from dawn to sunset.

Ramadan is a sacred month that compels Muslims to reflect on the teachings of the Quran and Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H). Muslims are encouraged to read the Quran daily, feed the poor and perform Taraweeh ( extra prayers at night). The month of Ramadan culminates in the Eid-al-Fitri festival which signifies the end of the fasting period. The Muslims feast on this day and get together with their loved ones and family.

The Significance of the Abrahamic Festivals

Though these observances and festivals have different theological significance, they share similar themes of sacrifice, communal love, and spiritual enhancement. Lent and Easter appreciate the sacrifice of Jesus Christ while attesting to redemption and a fresh start.

The Jewish Passover highlights the suffering and liberation of the Jewish community, an integral theme of Judaism that emphasizes the impact of freedom and justice. Ramadan on the other hand encourages goodness and emphasises self-discipline and spiritual renewal.

The observances and festivals call on the people of faith to strengthen their relationship with God and connect with people in their circles and communities. To embrace humanity and shun bias and prejudice.

Impact of Abrahamic Faiths on Society

The observance of these festivals has a significant impact on society as well. It is not just limited to religious or cultural settings. These observations have a profound influence on the personal and socioeconomic developments of individuals and communities.

People are drawn to reflect on the values that are rooted in their respective religions which play a pivotal role in the growth and development of humanity. People learn to be kind, and self-disciplined and live fulfilled lives. They incorporate these values into their personal lives and humanity evolves beautifully, one person at a time.

In addition, the bonds of community are strengthened as understanding and mutual respect become central to human relationships. People of different beliefs and cultures coexist peacefully — and even develop meaningful relationships irrespective of personal bias or prejudice.

The Takeaway

The world confronts a great divide fueled by religious and cultural differences. However, the observance of these customs and festivals is a stark reminder of our shared humanity and our common yearning for harmony, equity and justice. The festivals convey a strong message about our need for peace and goodness — we can’t thrive in a world rife with conflicts and bias while the same blood runs in our veins.

This powerful message is consistent with both ancient times and the modern age and has served to narrow the divide that is ever present in our respective communities. The Abrahamic faiths extend kindness to people of all races, tribes, religions and ideologies, thus people from all walks of life partake in these festivities and learn the lessons therein.

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